African countries

20 African countries with the lowest import tariffs

Of all these trade barrier mechanisms, import tariffs seem to be the most widely used. According to Investopedia, the world’s less developed and developing countries (many of which are in Africa) tend to have some of the highest import duty rates in the world.

The International Trade Administration defines import tariffs as taxation imposed by governments on imported products. Different countries impose different types of tariffs on imported products. Import duties also generally cover freight and insurance of imported products.

Customs duties ultimately contribute to the costs that consumers must bear to purchase imported products. And that’s because importers are always trying to recoup the costs associated with import tariffs by driving up prices.

There are two forms of import duty:

  • An ad valorem tariff: This involves calculating customs duties as a percentage of the value of the product.
  • A Non-ad valorem rates: This type of rate is not expressed as a percentage of price or value.

20 African countries with the highest import duty rates

Having explained all this, let’s focus on the 20 African countries with the lowest import tariffs. Please note that this list is courtesy of data obtained from the World Bank.

  1. Botswana: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 0.8%.
  2. Mauritius: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 0.9%.
  3. Namibia: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 1.3%.
  4. Seychelles: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 1.5%.
  5. Eswatini: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 2.3%.
  6. Lesotho: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 3.3%.
  7. Mozambique: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 4.1%.
  8. South Africa: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 4.4%.
  9. Libya: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 4.5%.
  10. Comoros: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 4.6%.
  11. Zambia: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 5.0%.
  12. Eritrea: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 5.4%.
  13. Malawi: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 6.2%.
  14. Liberia: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 6.6%.
  15. Burkina Faso: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 7.2%.
  16. Madagascar: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 7.2%.
  17. Ivory Coast: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 7.6%.
  18. Niger: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 8.1%.
  19. Uganda: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 8.1%.
  20. Democratic Republic of Congo: Has a weighted average applied tariff of 8.4%.