During this period, China became more involved and focused on helping African countries in their struggle for independence from colonialism. The second phase of China-Africa cooperation began in 1978-2000, when the first Forum for China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) was held. During this period, China has focused more on economic cooperation with African nations. The third period of China-Africa cooperation started in 2000 until today. This period, however, focused more on building mutually beneficial business partnerships and promoting sustainable development to build a China-Africa community with a shared future in the new era. At present, China has focused not only on political and economic cooperation, but also on social and cultural relations.
Throughout this period, China has helped African countries in the fight against poverty by financing the construction of critical and strategic infrastructure that has helped boost the economy and bring development to the continent. Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, China has accorded and continues to accord increased and unique importance to Africa while continuing to provide it with financial assistance and low-interest loans for construction of major development projects. Although China at that time was relatively underdeveloped, it still provided significant assistance to emerging countries in Africa. A well-known example from the early 1970s is the TAZARA railway project which linked the copper belts in Zambia to the port of Dar es Salaam.
China’s relations and cooperation with African countries have been widely criticized by Western leaders who say China has no real intention of helping them but wants to grab their resources and promote neo-colonialism. However, their accusations completely contradict the reality of the facts about China’s motives towards Africa. The fact is that China’s emergence as a major trading partner for African countries has helped overcome many of the obstacles that have hindered their development. Some of these thresholds are; lack of access to credit, lack of markets, low profits caused by price monopolies imposed by Western companies, lack of professionalism and expertise, etc. All these factors, together with the policy of Western interference, have been a major obstacle to the development of African countries.
In less than 20 years, since China became one of the largest economies in the world, it has been able to provide African countries with loans and financial assistance that have helped build infrastructure and major development projects. development that have spurred economic growth on the continent. All loans provided by China to African countries for infrastructure construction have helped to significantly reduce infrastructure shortages on the continent. Besides loans, China continues to provide various financial and technical assistance to all African countries for the construction of development projects. Much of China’s financial aid to Africa has been directed towards the construction of key projects such as hospitals, schools, football stadiums, libraries, conference halls, exhibition centers agricultural, etc
All the infrastructure built with Chinese aid has greatly contributed to solving many social problems and benefits many Africans. In addition to this, China has also sent its specialists and doctors to treat patients in African countries. These Chinese specialists and doctors helped treat many patients and provided medical education to the locals. For example; In Tanzania alone, Chinese doctors who have volunteered to provide medical care have successfully treated more than 15 million patients in the country, according to a statement released by the Chinese Embassy.
It should be noted that any bilateral relationship should be mutually beneficial. In this sense, China must and must also benefit from Africa. However, the greatest benefit China derives from its relationship and cooperation with African nations is to liberate them economically and enhance their productive capacity. China firmly believes that Africa’s economic success is also its success. To ensure this success, it continued to help African countries build roads, railways, electrical facilities, medical facilities, sports venues and schools. It is therefore our duty as Africans to pay tribute to him, to protect and respect his interests and to support him in the whole issue of Taiwan, the East and South China Sea.
It should also be noted that China, like other Western countries and the United States, needs raw materials from Africa for its industrial needs, however, China does not need them for free but for a situation win-win. Thus, we should give him priority in accessing all the resources he needs from Africa as long as he buys at a profitable price. We must also remember that China’s emergence as Africa’s largest trading partner has not only benefited many African countries, but has also helped to open up new markets and reduce commodity price monopoly. first established by Western countries.
As China’s influence on key international issues grows, it needs closer cooperation with African countries to engage them fully in global affairs. To achieve this, it needs close cooperation with these countries in order to be able to defend their interests and help them achieve their Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the AU Agenda 2035-2063.