In the 2021 edition, the ranking compared 202 countries and territories based on the situation of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer people in those places. LGBTQ+ and gay travelers can use this information as a guide to prepare for their gaycation and take the index ranking as an indicator for choosing the vacation destination regarding local LGBTQ+ rights.
The report’s editors check each country on different criteria, including anti-discrimination legislation, the possibility of equal marriage or civil partnership, whether adoption is allowed, the actual situation of transgender rights, restrictions of HIV-related travel and the current state of local hostility. against LGBTQ+.
The Spartacus Gay Travel Index 2020/2021 ranking is based on various sources such as Human Rights Watch, the United Nations Free & Equal campaign, and gathered information on human rights violations against members of the LGBTQ+ community during the last year.
South Africa is the best African country for LGBTQ+
A country scores below zero in the index when human rights are not respected, guaranteed or even violated. This means that Mozambique, Angola, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Mali and Niger were far from considered safe, but were higher rated destinations than other countries on the continent.
South Africa was ranked Africa’s safest travel destination for members of the LGBT community, according to the 2021 ranking. It was also the only destination considered LGBT-friendly in Africa. South Africa outperformed all other African countries, ranking 27th in the world. According to the report, South Africa has said it will legally recognize non-binary genders in its country.
The worst African countries for LGBTQ+
At the other end of the spectrum, Somalia scores badly at -18 points and is preceded at the bottom of the ranking, followed by Libya and Nigeria (both with -14 and -13 points) as well as Egypt (-13 points) . Generally, North Africa and West Africa are the least safe regions for LGBTQ+ travelers on the continent.
- Somalia (-18 points)
- Libya (-14 points)
- Nigeria (-13 points)
- Egypt (-13 points)
- Cameroon (-13 points)
- Zimbabwe (-12 points)
- Uganda (-12 points)
- Tanzania (-12 points)
- Mauritania (-12 points)
- Malawi (-12 points)