Africa is no stranger to endemic levels of health problems. This, coupled with child neglect, poverty, harmful cultural practices, malnutrition and desensitization, makes it particularly difficult to achieve a continental standard of child development.
While many parts of Africa have achieved extraordinary results in their child development programs, the majority of the continent, especially rural residents, have struggled to provide the amenities needed for healthy child growth. child.
It goes even further, as some parts of the continent have recorded very alarming infant mortality rates. Children, when deprived of their rights, are more susceptible to trauma and this trauma could take its toll.
The World Health Organization (WHO) via its database has identified the countries with the highest infant mortality rate. Using the metric IMR per 1000 live births, i.e. infant mortality rate (infants 1 year and under), and NMR per 1000 births, i.e. neonatal mortality rate (babies 28 days and younger), WHO conducts annual research to identify countries with the fewest and most infant deaths.
With the exception of Afghanistan, most of the countries on this list are African. Below is a list of African countries with the highest infant mortality.
Central African Republic: At number 1 is the Central African Republic, with an IMR and NMR of 77.5 and 38.8 respectively. Conflict and poverty make it difficult to deliver and care for infants properly, hence the disturbing figures above.
Somalia: The IMR and NMR in Somalia are both at 72.7 and 36.8 respectively. According to UNICEF, the high mortality rate in the country is due to prematurity, asphyxia, complications during childbirth, pneumonia, diarrhoea, measles and neonatal disorders.
Nigeria: Africa’s giant and the continent’s most populous nation has the third highest infant mortality rate on the continent. It has an IMR of 72.2 and an NMR of 35.4. This is due to poverty, conflict and insufficient access to basic amenities.
Lesotho: At number 4 is this small mountainous country in the heart of southern Africa. The country has an IMR of 69.8 and an NMR of 44.2. A research report suggests that wealth index, lack of basic amenities and age of mothers have contributed to this problem.
Chad: Next on the list is a West African country that shares a border with entry number 3 on this list. Chad has an IMR of 67.4 and an NMR of 32.8. This is due to disease and malnutrition due to limited access to health services.
Democratic Republic of Congo: The DRC is no stranger to health complications, and due to preventable or treatable illnesses ravaging a number of infants in the country, the country’s IMR is 63.8 and its NMR is 26.8.
South Sudan: For some time, this country has fostered some of the least conducive environments for child development. Her IMR is 63.3 and her NMR is 40.2. According to UNICEF, this is the result of limited access to health services and a limited number of health workers.
Guinea: This West African country has an IMR of 70.0 and an NMR of 30.0. This is because the families affected are at the bottom of the socio-economic scale. They are unable to cover the costs of childbirth.
Liberia: Ninth place on this list unfortunately goes to Liberia which has an IMR of 58.1 and an NMR of 30.6. Easily preventable diseases such as malaria, pneumonia, diarrhea and measles all contribute to these deaths.
Equatorial Guinea: The former Portuguese section of the Guineas trails its French counterpart on this list by two lengths. The country has an IMR of 58.2 and an NMR of 28.6. inadequate sanitation and unsanitary conditions are the main reasons for the high infant mortality rate in the region.